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The TNR Process

Trap-Neuter-Return, commonly referred to as TNR, is an ethical and effective approach for managing the population of feral cats. This program aims to not only control the number of community cats but also improve their lives, reduce problematic behaviors, and mitigate potential public health issues.



The initial phase of TNR involves the humane trapping of community cats using live traps. This usually involves baiting the traps with food and placing them in areas frequented by the cats. The traps are monitored to ensure the least amount of stress possible for the cat. Trapped cats are then transported to a veterinary clinic or spay/neuter facility.


At the facility or clinic, cats are given a general health check and a rabies vaccine. They are then spayed or neutered by a professional veterinarian, which means they can no longer reproduce. Additional care such as FVRCP vaccination, deworming, and treatment for fleas and ear mites may also be provided. During this process, a small piece of the left ear is removed, known as ear tipping. This helps to identify the cat as having been spayed or neutered and avoids unnecessary future trapping.




Post-surgery, the cats are kept in a recovery area until they are ready to be returned to their original outdoor homes. They are monitored for any signs of complications. Care is taken to ensure they're fully alert and have recovered sufficiently before they're released. Once fully recovered (typically 24-72 hours), the cats are returned to their original locations. The cats are released in the exact location where they were initially trapped to make certain they identify their surroundings.


After the cats have been returned, they continue to be monitored by local caregivers. These caregivers provide food, water, shelter, and monitor the cats for any signs of illness or new cats joining the colony.

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